Coffee Roast Levels

Whether you're a coffee fanatic like us, a home Best Coffee Roaster, or completely new to coffee, you've probably heard some of the most common coffee roast level descriptions. Today, I want to delve into the coffee roasting process, specifically the roast profiles and descriptors that are most frequently used by coffee roasters. At Driven, we use some of these descriptions, such as Light, Medium, Dark, French, and Italian to give our customers a better understanding of our products. But what exactly does this mean? What are coffee roast levels?

Next, I described a table with the “Description of the level of roast” and the associated temperature at which the green coffee beans are roasted. For example, a light roast coffee is usually roasted at a temperature of around 415 degrees. Whereas Italian would roast at 474 degrees, more or less. This table can be helpful for experimenting with roasting at home or to better understand what level of roast you prefer. You will be surprised how much the flavor can change by adjusting the roast time or temperature by the smallest margin.

 

Best Coffee Roast Levels Temperature

1. Green non-roasted 75
2. Starting to pale 270
3. Early yellow 327
4. Yellow-Tan 345
5. Light Brown 370
6. Brown 393
7. 1st Crack Begins 400
8. Light Roast 415
9. City Roast 426
10. Second Crack/Medium Roast 435
11. Full City 446
12.Dark Roast 454
13. Vienna (Light French) 465
14. Italian 474
15. & 16. Don’t Drink Me! 485

Note that temperature alone will NOT determine the roast level description. Every home and commercial roaster is different and will produce unique results. Additionally, coffees from different regions can achieve the described coffee roast levels at different temperatures. The information above can be used to help estimate temperatures to achieve certain common roast levels.

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